Tuesday, July 7, 2020
The Techniques Used To Bring Out The Success Of Ã¢â¬Å"The Lion KingÃ¢â¬ (Essay Sample) Content: Literature Ã¢â¬Å"The Lion KingÃ¢â¬ StudentÃ¢â¬â¢s Name Institution The film Ã¢â¬Å"The Lion KingÃ¢â¬ (1994) is the film that was produced and directed by Rob Minkoff and Roger Allers. The story was written by Chris Sanders, Kirk Wise among others. The film Ã¢â¬Å"The Lion KingÃ¢â¬ is the strong allegoric story of a lion known as Simba and his journey to proclaim his duty as the head of the jungle. SimbaÃ¢â¬â¢s father Mufasa the respected ruler of the pride Rock and the entire land that entangle it teaches Simba about the Ã¢â¬Å"Circle of LifeÃ¢â¬ which means the gentle balance of the life which join together all animals and caution him to be ready for leadership when the day sun rises. The main theme in the story is Ã¢â¬Ëcircle of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢ in the family of the lions. The circle of life may have some meaning such as the life from birth, all events that happen in life after birth and death. It may also, means life across generations, ages, cultures, and family members(Balme, 2014). The story of the lions trying to avoid being bolted out by other malicious members. Moreover, by comparing Mufasa and Scar, the film is essentially showing us two replicas of the necessity of family. First, Mufasa shows a good sign of kinsmanship and empathy while Scar is selfish and lacks loyalty. The main character in the film is Simba, the son of Mufasa who will become the King after screwing his uncle Scar. He is a gentle ruler and respected by other animals at the Pride Rock. In the film, Scar MufasaÃ¢â¬â¢s brother will lure Simba accompanied by hyenas named Shenzi, Ed, and Banzai. In the process of saving his son, Mufasa will be killed by Scar and the other hyenas. Meanwhile, Scar claimed that Simba was responsible for his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death and forced him to fly away in exile. After, maturity in exile Simba realizes his proper path and his destined role come back to fight his uncle Scar to regain the throne of his father. This paper will try to explain and summarize the theme, and the techniques used to bring out the su ccess of the film or the story of the Lion King. Techniques used in the film. Cinematography The media techniques such as music, cameras, and lighting are used to indicate Simba and his uncle Scar personal characteristics. Comparatively, Simba is seen as the symbol of loyal, empathy and good while Scar shows traits of evil. Simba was used because of his inquisitiveness and goodness, which in the end leads him to danger. On the other hand, Scar was chosen because of his evil doings and being disloyal or inhuman which portrays him as being an anti-hero. Simba is an honest creature, and his light colors reflect the spirit of being good, but he still depends on his father(Balme, 2014). The family is very close and keep on eying SimbaÃ¢â¬â¢s movement together. However, his innocence and big headiness lead him to trouble. Contrary, scar his uncle is a cunning character. In the film he said Ã¢â¬Å"Life isnÃ¢â¬â¢t fair, is it? These shows ScarÃ¢â¬â¢s stained and spiteful jealous strip against Simba. ii. Symbols In the movie, the lion king has got several symbols that have been used to represent the aspect of the story. The first symbol is the Circle of Life which forms a symbolic term of numerous events that occur to individuals on the earth. This events from the moment one comes through birth, the life of ups and downs, happiness and sadness, war and misfortunes and then down to the grave. It also tries to symbolize that life or events repeat itself. Mufasa bore Simba, grows to adulthood, manhood and later he becomes the king of the lion(Balme, 2014). Then afterward he will bear a son who will grow up to manhood and become the king again. The Circle of life was a major symbol in the film such that it was represented and conveyed in the form of a song. Another symbol that has been used in the film is water. Water is represented everywhere in the film as a sign of life and in different places that are safe and developing. For example, there is the exis tence of waterholes and rivers in the Pride Lands and a very big Lake in front of the two mountains that is Timon and Pumbaa. In the process of love with Lioness by the name Nala, Simba romped around in a waterfall, showing that all these places tend to be signified with safety and love. Comparatively, where the water is not present the place is bound to be dangerous or evil. For instance, Simba and wife Nala strolled into the place named as elephant graveyard, dry-bone where they almost are eaten by hyenas. Similarly, Simba along the story could have died in the waterless desert, which means that the absence of water in...
Thursday, July 2, 2020
ADOPTING UPDATED ONLINE BUSINESS MANAGEMENT MODEL (Dissertation Sample) Content: ADOPTING UPDATED ONLINE BUSINESS MANAGEMENT MODEL Course Professor University City and state 17th October, 2016 Letter of Transmittal Einstein Technologies Email: email@example.com Date 22/10/2016 Dr. Nikola Tesla, Director Nikola Mailshopping Mall 10 Jules Veme Boulevard, Toowoomba, developmentteam@Nikolashopping.com.au dear sir, Below is the detailed analysis of venturing into an up to date online business operation, as you enquired. The report has considered several areas, as listed below. * The process of adopting and integrating the company with an up to date online system that will take over operations * The required assets, hardware, and software, available options for each case, and the best choice that the firm should consider * The major benefits that are expected once the company surfaces as a full online business company * Possible challenges and proposed mitigation measures for each investigated challenge * Essential considerations that have to be addressed with strict policies, such as privacy and security of the online operations information Eventually, the report ends with a clear conclusion on what is best for the firm and a set of imploring recommendations, that have been arrived at, after thorough research. Yours Sincerely, Mr. Hood Loke, Project Manager. Executive Summary This report has been developed to assess the viability of upgrading Nicola TeslaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s company from a single computer mail order system to a vibrant up to date online based business operations. The necessity or lack of it has been developed using a comparative analogy of the expected benefits of adopting the new technology and the cost that will be incurred in installing the new systems, as well as possibly missed fortunes that experienced from not having the system at the moment. This is a business organization performance improvement report and the technological developments have prompted a deeper study of the processes involved in the Information Technology (IT) that is about to be adopted by the company. Understanding the nitty gritty of IT will help in judging out the benefits reaped from the systems and their performance assessments that can be assessed from an economic point of view. The robustness of the to be adopted system might be associated with more risks and undesirable business complications. Analyzing these complications will lead to an informed decision-making platform that can be helpful in correctly ruling out what modifications may be needed to make the systems more viable and economical, specifically for NicolaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s company. Contents TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u Letter of Transmittal PAGEREF _Toc465193395 \h iiExecutive Summary PAGEREF _Toc465193396 \h iiiTable of figures PAGEREF _Toc465193397 \h vIntroduction PAGEREF _Toc465193398 \h 1Authorization and Purpose of the Report PAGEREF _Toc465193399 \h 1Limitations PAGEREF _Toc465193400 \h 2Scope of the report PAGEREF _Toc465193401 \h 21)Business Strategy PAGEREF _Toc465193402 \h 3Porter Five Forces Model PAGEREF _Toc465193403 \h 3Business marketing focus PAGEREF _Toc465193404 \h 4Supply chain management PAGEREF _Toc465193405 \h 4Upstream/Downstream PAGEREF _Toc465193406 \h 42)E-Business and Mobile Business PAGEREF _Toc465193407 \h 6Benefits and Challenges of e-business PAGEREF _Toc465193408 \h 6Characteristics of Web 2.0 PAGEREF _Toc465193409 \h 7Business-to-Consumer (B2C) model PAGEREF _Toc465193410 \h 7Instant Messaging as the e-commerce tool PAGEREF _Toc465193411 \h 8Measuring e-business success using Effectiveness MIS metrics PAGEREF _Toc465193412 \h 8Opting for M-business PAGEREF _Toc465193413 \h 83)Enterprise Architecture PAGEREF _Toc465193414 \h 9Steps for Information Architecture PAGEREF _Toc465193415 \h 9Primary characteristics of a robust infrastructure PAGEREF _Toc465193416 \h 9Cloud computing PAGEREF _Toc465193417 \h 104)Customer Relationship Management PAGEREF _Toc465193418 \h 11Management system for marketing PAGEREF _Toc465193419 \h 11Management system for sales PAGEREF _Toc465193420 \h 11Management system for customer service PAGEREF _Toc465193421 \h 12How to use CRM metrics PAGEREF _Toc465193422 \h 125)Privacy PAGEREF _Toc465193423 \h 12Australian privacy laws PAGEREF _Toc465193424 \h 13Commitment to the privacy of customers PAGEREF _Toc465193425 \h 13Global information privacy issues PAGEREF _Toc465193426 \h 14Conclusions and Recommendations PAGEREF _Toc465193427 \h 14Conclusion PAGEREF _Toc465193428 \h 14Recommendations PAGEREF _Toc465193429 \h 15References PAGEREF _Toc465193430 \h 16Appendix PAGEREF _Toc465193431 \h 18 Table of figures TOC \h \z \c "Figure" Figure 1:SCM of an e-business model (Smith, 2016) PAGEREF _Toc464892045 \h 10 Introduction Authorization and Purpose of the Report The study report has been commissioned by the respective company, as a business performance improvement assessment analysis, after adopting the new technology. Therefore, the paper intends to develop a clear strategy that can be used to minimize the cost of the new system, and maximize the possible returns by adopting the most strategic measures that will improve the performance of Nicola TeslaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s company. While the new technology has been based on IT development and management systems, the assessment has taken into consideration original information sources from experts in the respective field and the value of adopting IT. Choosing the most appropriate tools, in the form of software and hardware has been a challenge, to overcome through consistent consultation with the experts in the field. Consulting is critical as it provides the company with dire development strategies, chosen from several appealing options that might all be viable, and therefore, tricky to rule out the best. Anticipated complications arising from the adopted technology have been looked into so that the negative impacts that are likely developed can be mitigated in a preventive measure. The most intimidating complication is the privacy concern that might be an issue raised by the buyer. The matter has been tackled with by developing clear privacy policies that will work best for the business and assure the customers that their information will not be maltreated. Hacking, an eminent threat within the company has been looked into and developing a secure firewall, which can prevent the online and offline part of the business from being attacked has been initiated. The security of the company has been considered as a core priority of the company, especially now that its resources are to be kept in cloud data storage systems (Coope, O'Connell Porter, 2005). Limitations As much as the report has tried to assess the impact of adopting the new technology, there are critical issues that have not been thoroughly handled and demand a closer insight. The central area that did not receive adequate research is how to cope with competition and how to emerge unique, within the online mode of business operations. The study appears to have left out a critical aspect that demands proper attention now at a time of high competition. Going unique would ensure that the business creates its market region, that has customers whose leaving options are costly and unwise. On the other side, the business ought to develop the customer relations strategies as explored to boost the client retention rates (Coope, O'Connell Porter, 2005). The changes that will be expected, especially the operational business management, will now lead to a whole new mode of the directorate. Using the online resources, the operation of the business will change and the company ought to develop clear measures that can be used to tackle the changes. Managing the new section of the firm might require different skills, beyond poor business management, to some IT management skills. Additionally, phasing the technical IT perspective with the Business perspective might prove a challenge that has been hardly cautioned. Scope of the report The report is mainly oriented towards assessing the viability of adopting new technology in online business operations. NicolaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s company, which uses the mail order mode of transactions might need an added technological advancement if it is to survive the harsh competition posed by similar companies. On the other side, the report assesses the impact of adopting new technology and phases in the benefiting approaches with adverse results mitigation strategies. 1 Business Strategy In the current age of web 2.0, the use of the Internet in business models have advanced beyond the educational use of the internet as it was originally intended. With more and more people getting connected to the web, every business oughts to maximize their market share by accessing as many individuals as possible (Rose et al., 2012). Connecting to the right group is not easy, more-so, the strategy has been complicated by the load of information that is online, some of which might not add value to improving business performance (Petersen, 2000). While the introduction of web 2.0 has surmounted to the firm operation complications, appropriate and strategic use of the connection models, as well as the information it holds can be a source of business fortune (Elsner, Krafft Huchzermeier, 2003). This section has detailed a comparison of the current market situation, and the various options that can be adopted for improved performance. Porter Five Forces Model The greatest peril that the company faces is danger of being kicked out of business by competing companies. The use of mail order format does not offer a great interaction platform for consumers to view atleast what they are buying. And more importantly get to talk to the su...
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
SWOT Analysis Nike Strengths. Very good Leadership is one of NikeÃ¢â¬â¢s strengths. Nike is a very competitive organization. Founder and Owner, Phil Knight is often quoted as saying that Ã¢â¬Å"Business is war without bullets.Ã¢â¬ Nike has a healthy dislike of its competitors such as Reebok and Addidas. This competition in the market results in the company to strive to have to best products and on the market. Nike sponsors the top athletes and gains valuable coverage through the media. Nike has no factories. It does not tie up cash in buildings and manufacturing workers. They manufacture wherever they can produce high quality product at the lowest possible price. If prices rise, and products can be made cheaper elsewhere Nike will then moveÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Nearly half of these workers have completed senior high school. Few have work-related skills when they arrive at the factory. 95% of the workers in the nine participating factories have received pay or wage increases in the last year, consistent with government minimum wage increases, and with small exceptions the bases wages in these factories are above the regions minimum wage. Conditions for these workers have allegedly been made by campaigns of poor conditions, with commonplace harassment and abuse. Nike has sought to respond to these allegations by putting into place a code of conduct for all of its suppliers, and working with the Global Alliance to review around 21 of these factories, and to pick up and respond to issues. In developing countries the workers from the factories have to deal with verbal abuse, sexual comments, and physically abuse. In addition, sexual trade practices in recruitment and promotion were reported by at least two workers in each of two different factories, although a subsequent investigation was unable to confirm this. There is also confirmation of workers that are satisfied with their relationship with direct line supervisors, and are satisfied with management. The main concerns expressed by workers relate to their physical working environment. A lot of the Nike Company factories are experiencing serious problems leading to labor disputes. On the otherShow MoreRelatedNike Swot Analysis1214 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSWOT analysis: Nike Introduction Like most companies, Nike has corporate strengths and weaknesses. However, in the 50 years that Nike has been in business, it has weathered most challenges. From its maverick days as an upstart sports shoe brand being sold out of the back of the trunk of its ownersÃ¢â¬â¢ cars at track meets, through the 80s and 90s when it lavished multi-million dollar endorsement deals on sports icons. Following is a SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity and threat) analysis ofRead MoreNike Swot Analysis1193 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNike.inc SWOT analysis Strengths: y y y y y y y y y y y y y Nike is a globally recognized for being the number one sportswear brand in the World. Nike being a competitive organization has a healthy aver sion towards its competitors i.e. during Atlanta Olympics, Reebok expensed on sponsoring the games; Nike however sponsored the top athletes and due to this step, it gained valuable coverage. Nike has no factories; rather it uses contract factories to get theRead MoreNike Swot Analysis3115 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages. Case Profile Nike started out just as plan developed in order to satisfy course work at Stanford University. Mr. Phil Knight a graduate student at Stanford University and a long-distance runner decided that he would make low cost running shoes in Japan and then sell them in the US. Knight solicited the assistance of a past coach Bill Bowerman to assist him in his business venture and in 1964 they started Blue Ribbon Sports. Knight called his first shoe Tiger and began distributionRead MoreNike Swot Analysis4730 Words Ã |Ã 19 PagesNike: Sweatshops and Business Ethics History What started with a handshake between two running geeks in Oregon in January 1964 are now the world s most competitive sports and Fitness Company. Bill Bowerman the legendary University of Oregon track field coach and Phil Knights a University of Oregon runner under Bowerman coach, found the Nike Company, named by the Greek winged goddess of victory. First the company was named Blue Ribbon Sports. The Nike athletic machine began as a small distributingRead MoreSwot - so Analysis Nike1366 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNike SWOT Analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) Strengths - Nike is one of the main shoemaker in the world. It designs and sells shoes for a big variety of sports including basketball, baseball, golf, soccer, volleyball, tennis, football and running. - Nike is strong at research and development, as is evidenced by its evolving and innovative product range. Its products go through a rigorous quality control before they go to market. Despite the cost to keep a high-levelRead MoreSwot Analysis Of Nike1819 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesNike (NKE) is a well-known clothing, footwear, and sporting equipment company based in the USA. The company develops a variety of products for a wide range of sporting activities which includes soccer, football, tennis and basketball among many others. NikeÃ¢â¬â¢s involvement in sports is so well executed that it is difficult to turn on a sports channel and not see some type of Nike logo. Aside from its merchandise, the company also drives revenue growth through licensing agreements. Nike is alsoRead MoreSwot Analysis Of Nike1118 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNike has under its portfolio, Nike Brand, Jordan Brand, Hurley and Converse. Nike allows customers to purchase its products and offerings from retail accounts throughout the world, retail stores, internet stores, through a mix of independent distributors and licensees across the world. NIKETOWNs are the largest stores among Nike. NIKETOWNs are premium stores that provide the consumer with the best brand experience. Each NIKETOWN storefront features at least six to seven Nike brand categories. ThisRead MoreSwot Analysis : Nike s Shoes1339 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSWOT Analysis: The altered shoes have different qualities, shortcomings, opportunities, and dangers available. One of its qualities is embedded in Nike s piece of the pie. Questionably, Nike is the main games attire and Footwear Company and the main brand over the globe. Hence, it can effectively advertise the tennis shoes in its current business sector. Nike too has a set up worldwide conveyance channel (chain), solid business sector methodology, a pioneer in innovation and configuration and itRead MoreSWOT Analysis Section here about the overall SWOT analysis and the benefits of doing one for a800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSWOT Analysis Section here about the overall SWOT analysis and the benefits of doing one for a company. Should introduce the topic to othersÃ¢â¬ ¦ especially group members so they know what the analysis does for us and why it is important. Such as, Strengths Strengths are characteristics of the company that give the business a competitive advantage over others. Nike has a strong international brand in which everyone recognizes it from their logo. The logo can be presented by itself without the nameRead MoreCore Competencies And Sustainable Competitive Advantage1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCore Competencies and Sustainable Competitive Advantage In terms of core competency, Nike 1) provides high quality durable items to its customers. As a leader in fitness clothing and accessories, Nike strives to be on the edge of the market by providing innovative ideas that improve customer satisfaction. Recognizing the importance of eco-friendly business 3) Nike promotes recycling to its customers and utilize recycling in its own manufacture of products. Lastly, this organization 4) completes
Running Head: False Marketing Advertisement by Pharmaceutical Companies Strategic Marketing Ethics Paper False Marketing Advertisement by Pharmaceutical Companies Leslie Irizarry Monroe College Ã¢â¬â King Graduate School Dr. Cato- 15SP-MG660-101 25 March 2015 Author Note Leslie A Irizarry, Department of Business, Monroe College- King Graduate School Correspondence concerning this analysis and answers of questions should be addressed to Leslie A. Irizarry, Department of Business, Monroe College- King Graduate School, Ustin Hall, 2501 Jerome Avenue, The Bronx, NY 10468. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Ethics in marketing is values and principals that regulate business practices for marketers who promote products or consumer services. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, false advertising and marketing practices are trending. This writer has chosen the topic of false advertisement and marketing practices of pharmaceutical companies. Marketing by pharmaceutical companies are often called pharma marketing or medico marketing. Other than the United States, New Zealand is the only other country that allows advertising drugs directly to consumers. According to PEW Charitable trust organization, an overwhelming Ã¢â¬Å"$3 billion dollars was spent in 2012 for advertising directly to consumers, and $24 billion dollars on marketing directly to the physicians who prescribe the drugsÃ¢â¬â¢. In 1983 the FDA offered its first guidance on consumer directed advertisements and in 2001Show MoreRelatedDeontological Ethical Analysis of Direct-to-Consumer Pharmaceutical Marketing1357 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pa gesDeontological Ethical Analysis of Direct-to-Consumer Pharmaceutical Marketing In Deontological ethics, morality of an action is based upon the particular actionÃ¢â¬â¢s adherence to moral laws independent of their consequences (DeGeorge 62). Direct-to-consumer marketing of pharmaceuticals has had heated debate with logical arguments from those for, and for those against allowing such practices to exist. I do not believe the marketing of the prescription medication to be solely unethical but moreRead MoreTelevision Advertising For Prescription And Nonprescription Drugs758 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPharmaceutical companies have been using a lot of various strategies to market their medications, notably in a contentious and lucrative market for prescriptions and non-prescription medications. Kornfield, Donohue, Berndt, and Alexander (2013, p. 1) argued that the United States profoundly advertised pharmaceuticals and spent at least $30 billion dollars on publicity and selling of these products. In this written assignment I will be presenting a summary of an interesting article from FaerberRead MoreRegulatory Changes in Direct-To-Consumer Marketing of Pharmaceuticals1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDirect-to-consumer (DTC) marketing of pharmaceuticals has grown increasingly in the past decade. The American public views prescription drug advertising for a wide range of medical conditions, including high cholesterol, depression, allergies, and erectile dysfunction. The Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates the content of these advertisements. Critics also have taken the position that the advertisements garner unearned trust from the public, are misleading, and promote unnecessaryRead MoreThe Drug Advertisements Of New Zealand992 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBill Maher o nce mocked the aggressive nature of the drug advertisements that direct you to tell your doctor that their drug is right for you. Ã¢â¬Å"Tell your doctor? ShouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t your doctor tell you what drugs you need. When you tell your doctor isnÃ¢â¬â¢t he just a dealer at that point,Ã¢â¬ said Bill Maher. The American public generally trusts their government to protect them from the hidden dangers prescription and over-the-counter drugs. However, that trust isnÃ¢â¬â¢t fully warranted as the FDA has been featuredRead MoreHealth Care Marketing Reflection Essay1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHealth Care Marketing Reflection Essay Markets change, tastes change, so the companies and the individuals who choose to compete in those markets must change.( Wang, n.d. as cited by Morrison, p. 113). In modern medicine, disease treatment is more importance than disease prevention, as doctors focus more on treatment of symptoms of rather than determining its root cause. This is mirrored in the media by the large numbers of direct-consumer advertisements aimed at persuading patients themself toRead MorePsoriasis Drug0 Humira1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDiBartolo saw television advertisements for the psoriasis drug HUMIRA, manufactured by Abbott Laboratories (USDCSDNY, 2012, p.7). Her dermatologist prescribed the drug on her request and DiBartolo later developed squamous cell carcinoma (USDCSDNY, 2012, p. 1). In 2011, Abbott released data indicating that HUMIRA was associated with increased risk of skin cancer (USDCSDNY, 2012, p.10). DiBartolo and her dermatologist were unaware of these side-effects since the advertisement d id not indicate cancerRead MoreDeontological Paper708 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageson their pharmaceutical needs. Before 1985, prescription drugs could not be advertised directly to consumers. The U.S Food and Drug Administration passed a rule that allowed Direct-to-consumer drug advertising in 1985. This ruling was passed on the condition that warning information was provided about side effects and other dangers. Ã¢â¬Å"Directto- consumer advertising is the promotion of prescription drugs through newspaper, magazine, television, and internet marketing. Drug companies also productRead MoreThe Effects Of Advertising On Men And Women Essay1449 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshas become the new form of reaching out to the greatest numbers of people and advertisements are a necessity for a business to succeed. This era has become desensitized and less focused on personal connections which is why advertisements have become a large focus to business owners because they are able to provide information on their goods and services without reaching out to make personal connections. An advertisement directly appeals to the viewer in their own ways by making people want somethingRead MoreFDAs Approval of Prescription Drugs Essay1536 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdrugs. On television, magazines, radio etc, you see the most recent advertisements for prescription drugs. After some people see the advertisements they soon rush over to their doctor and their illness and life would be perfectly pain and stress free. Making the public conscious of options for treatment is not a bad thing. But these false advertisements are misleading consumers onto unnecessary treatment. Advertisements have one primary purpose that is to persuade. Prescription medicationsRead MoreEthical Issues Within The Pharmaceutical Industry Essay1297 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswithin the pharmaceutical industry, present opinion on Direct-to-Consumer marketing by drug companies, determine the parties responsible for regulation of compounding pharmacies, PharmaCARE used U.S. law to protect its own intellectual property, summarize at least one current example of intellectual property theft, analyze the potential issues surrounding the death of JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s wife, and lastly present major arguments that John can claim as a whistleblower. Ethical issues within the pharmaceutical industry
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
An estimated 1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls are diagnosed with autism in the United States (Autism Speaks, n.d.). Can be diagnosed in all racial and ethnic groups, as well as every age group. In the 2013 publication of DSM-5 diagnostic manual, Asperger syndrome, Autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder- not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) were merged into one category of ASD. This paper will explain what Autism Spectrum Disorder is, causes, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, clinical trials and what it is like living with someone with Autism (Autism Society, n.d.). What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? Ã¢â¬Å"Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Autism are general terms for a group of complexÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Diagnosis in all racial and ethnic groups, as well as every age group. Boys face about four to five timeÃ¢â¬â¢s higher risk at 1 in 42 than girls at 1 in 189. A child is usually diagnosed with ASD by age 2; even though some researchers suggest that some of the screening tests are more helpful at 18 months or younger. Some of the screening tests include, Checklist of Autism in Toddlers (CHAT), Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT), Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ), Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ), and a few more (NIMH, n.d.). The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) is a list of informative questions about your child. The answers can indicate whether he or she should be further evaluated by a specialist (Autism Speaks, n.d.). Treatments There is no known treatment for Autism. Each Autism intervention plan should be personalized to address the specific needs of each unique child or adult. Intervention can involve medication, behavioral treatments or both to help improve their needs. Early behavioral interventions involve a childÃ¢â¬â¢s entire family who work closely with a team of professionals, some of which deliver home services including parent training (Autism Speaks, n.d.). Objective scientific studies confirmed benefits of two methods of comprehensive behavioral early intervention, Lovaas Model (Applied Behavior Analysis) and the Early Start Denver Model. Lovaas Model goals are toShow MoreRelatedAutism Spectrum Disorder And Autism Essay1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAutism is a neurological disorder with many forms and severities, better known as autism spectrum disorder, that begins early in childhood and lasts throughout the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Autism spectrum disorder is defined as developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication, and behavioral challenges (CDC). Previously, autism was recognized in distinct groups and types. Now, autism is referred to as a spectrum because there is an overlap among all the different forms of autismRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder And Autism2594 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesAutism Spectrum Disorder is defined as a neurodevelopmental condition that is classified by a triad of impairments. The se impairments are in communication, socialization, and repetitive patterns of behavior (Wolf, 2004). Autism affects about 1% of the current population (Shishido, Branko, Norio, 2013). This disorder seems like a common diagnosis in the current day in age but the disorder was only discovered around sixty years ago. The two founding researchers that discovered the disorder are KannerRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder And Autism1827 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesin the United States had one or more developmental disorders in 2006-2008. This can affect the person mentally, physically, emotionally, or a combination of the three. These range from something as simple as a speech delay to something as complex as cerebral palsy. One of these developmental disorders is autism. Autism can cause social, communication, and behavioral challenges. One in 68 children are affected by autism. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is 4.5 times more common in boys. One in forty-twoRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder ( Autism ) Essay1739 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesconventions (Lai, 2014). These two observations would be the beginning of a disorder known as the Autism Spectrum Disorder. This developmental disorder, characterized by a range of deficits in different areas, is increasingly prevalent in society and in the media. While the exact numbers vary from country to country, according to Lai (2014), 1% of the general population is diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. The range of this disorder has a detrimental effect on society, specifically the educationalRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder ( Autism ) Essay1858 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Autism Spectrum Disorder affects various aspects of an autistic childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Many children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder every year, while others go undiagnosed for an extended time, or even for their whole life. A child exhibiting delays in language benchmarks or showing little interest in the surroundings should be examined for possible ASD. Language is often impaired and although the level of impairment can range from severe too unnoticeable in each child, a child is likely toRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder1446 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPublic Health Problem Autism or autism spectrum disorder ( ASD) is a developmental disorder that has been found world wide. However unlike many other disorders, autism is fairly new in the sense that there is no cure nor a set factor causing it. Today, the public is more aware of the disorder, yet there is still concern about how to treat autism in children as well as what risk factors are more likely to lead to autism. Autism has been around for the past hundred years, however previous to theRead MoreAutism And Autism Spectrum Disorder1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages and the way he interacted with others, spoke to me on a profound level. I know autism when I see it. For those not familiar with autism, Autism Speaks, the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading autism science and advocacy organization, defines autism and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees (hence, a Ã¢â¬Å"SpectrumÃ¢â¬ that includes both low- and high-functioning individuals), by difficulties in socialRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder And Autism1401 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn America about one out of 88 children have autism spectrum disorder and about 36,500 in four million children are born with autism. Currently approximately 1.5 million adults are living with autism in the United States. The autistic brain is a complicated phenomenon, which has required many years of research in the biomedical field by institutes, organizations, and the government to comprehend the disorder. Depending on the severity of the disorder Ã¢â¬â low functionin g or high functioning Ã¢â¬â and theRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder And Autism Essay2049 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages Autism and AspergerÃ¢â¬â¢s are two syndromes that are now looked as being part of the Ã¢â¬ËAutism Spectrum DisorderÃ¢â¬â¢. AspergerÃ¢â¬â¢s is on the high functioning end while Autism is on the low functioning end. Before the Ã¢â¬Ëautism spectrumÃ¢â¬â¢ was created, in nineteen forty-three and nineteen forty-four, a psychiatrist named Leo Kanner and German scientist named Hans Asperger discovered Autism and AspergerÃ¢â¬â¢s. Their research included looking at cases of children who were different and had qualities of aloneness, obsessivenessRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder1278 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesStatistical evidences. ASDÃ¢â¬â¢s gender proportion suggests that the autism is sex-linked, and the statistical evidence convincingly shows that genetic factors are playing key role in the prevalence of ASD. To begin with, U.S. Department of Health and Human Se rvices, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published the relationship between the number of autistic boys and girls. The statistical evidence shows that boys are more inclined to become autistic than girls. CDC states that 1 in 42
The issue of Juvenile Delinquency has always been of great concern to society and due to the perceived notion that the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s future depends on the development of its youth, understanding the factors that cause them to commit criminal activities will help identify what leads youth to turn towards crime and the circumstances that influence them commit criminal behaviour (Shoemaker, 2010). Modern culture is constantly bombarded with the belief system of economic wealth and success, of achieving cultured goals and success in order to attain materialistic wealth, status and the accumulation of money to live that lifestyle. However not everyone have equal opportunities to obtain these goals through legitimate means and are either hindered or blocked due to various circumstances that do not serve them well (Hoffmann, 2011). There are several factors that help understand and link juvenile delinquency in Urban Areas. Some of these factors include, Social Disorganization, Unemployme nt, Poverty In the research article by Chung, Mulvey Steinberg (2011), two main factors were taken into account in order to better understand the study. The first study investigated included how poor school academic outcomes and low levels of achievements or dropouts had an effect among juvenile offenders. The second study investigated whether neighborhood factors had an influence on poor academic outcomes resulting in juvenile offenders. The data obtain for the studyShow MoreRelatedJuvenile Delinquency Is A Great Issue Essay1462 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJuvenile delinquency has become a great issue in this country. The reasons for delinquency are many, yet the fixes to the delinquency problem are few. Not enough is being done for the youth of this country to rehabilitate, deter, or change the way the youth acts. There isnÃ¢â¬â¢t enough communication or interaction between the key stakeholders that can help prevent juvenile delinquency. For the longest time juvenile delinquency ha s been increasing despite any efforts put forth by lawmakers to deter thisRead MoreJuvenile Delinquency; The Issue Inside550 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pagesprojected juvenile population is expected to reach 74 million by 2015. Ã¢â¬Å"Violence itself is not a disorder. It can be one of a number of behaviors used to diagnose mental illness based on severity and circumstance.Ã¢â¬ (Bilderya 2) Children and teens are becoming more and more violent, committing more crimes, and doing excessive amounts of drugs. This is a major issue because these kids are the next generation. Ã¢â¬Å"Crimes of violence among youth can include fighting, rape, and robbery. Juveniles betweenRead MoreSocial And Environmental Issues Of Juvenile Delinquency980 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessystem. 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Once the individual reaches adulthood, the disruptive and criminal behavior is recognized as a crime. However, the criminal justice system has divided juvenile delinquency into two general types of categoriesRead MoreThe And Prevention Of Juvenile Delinquency970 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJuveniles in the justice system is an issue relevant not only to people in the criminal justice system but to society in general. There have been a number of studies done that link serious behavior problems in children to adult criminal conduct. In more recent years, there has been more research done regarding the causes and prevention of juvenile delinquency. The Department of Juvenile Justice lists 3 broad categories with many subcategories to help us understand what contributes to juvenile delinquencyRead MoreJuvenile Delinquency Is A Crime967 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJuvenile Delinquency is a crime categorize mainly based on age. 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This study will address the issue of poverty on juveniles. Moreover, it will unveil the problemRead MoreEssay about Not All Offenders Should be Labeled Juvenile Delinquents505 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesNot All Offenders Should be Labeled Juvenile Delinquents Juvenile delinquency is a critical concern to the general public. When adolescents commit crimes or are accused of an offense, they automatically become labeled criminals, delinquents, and deviants in the eyes of the courts, of the state, and of various people. However, is it fair to label them as such? When a status offense such as curfew, vandalism, or even disorderly conduct, is committedRead MoreJuvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention Reauthorization Act1577 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespaper is to research the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Reauthorization Act. The paper will focus on the purpose of this legislation, as well as the values that are expressed by this policy. This paper will not only address why this piece of legislation is important it will discuss the effects this act has had on the communities as well as the youths themselves. This paper, will also address the potential for change about the public attitudes towards the juvenile justice system and theRead More Preventing Juvenile Delinquency Essay1386 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPreventing Juvenile Delinquency The saying is that history often repeats itself. If this is true then society will have to deal with the complex burden of juvenile who eventually become adult criminals. However, if this saying is not true then the community in which juvenile delinquency exist must have the tool necessary to divert the youth in the community. If one is to change delinquent youthÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior, they need to variegate the justice system in order to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms
Question: Discuss about theEconomic and Social Impact of Nanotechnology. Answer: Introduction the possibility to in a general sense modify the way individuals live, to develop new enterprises and to change producing, social insurance, hardware, agribusiness, vitality and correspondences. It has the ability to give new medication conveyance frameworks, quicker and less expensive assembling procedures, cleaner and more effective vitality era, new materials, clean water and the cutting edge processing gadgets. (Balbus 2006) Nanotechnologies (NT) and nano-sciences are considered by many to hold huge potential, both as far as monetary and focused advantages and human and ecological advantage. Theodore and Kunz (2005: 12) contend that NT will be 'the second happening to the Industrial Revolution', or 'Mechanical Revolution II'. In a European Commission staff working paper on the financial improvement of NT, Hullman (2006a: 7) portrayed NT as a 'promising applicant' to end up noticeably the 6th Kondratieff wave. Past waves incorporate those instigated via car and gadgets and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The potential is hence for a 'noteworthy effect on the world economy', particularly as NT applications might be utilized crosswise over divisions (Hullman 2006a: 7). NT is as of now entering the commercial center. Points of NT: To set up the condition that enables Australia to catch the advantages of nanotechnology while tending to the issues affecting on fruitful and capable advancement of nanotechnology. Detailed activities to: Address the wellbeing, security and ecological (HSE) effects of nanotechnology on controls and benchmarks Undertake an open mindfulness and engagement program to give adjusted exhortation on nanotechnology Establish a nano molecule metrology capacity at the National Measurement Institute, and Facilitate an entire of government way to deal with nanotechnology through setting up the Australian Office of Nanotechnology. The report ought to illuminate the Department about the assortment of perspectives that are at present being advanced by analysts, social researchers, business gatherings, non-government associations and some other invested individuals. The report ought to give a point by point record of any ranges of conflict or potentially agreement inside the writing. Literature Review Writing gathered through methodical quests of important databases was consolidated with writing to which the examination group as of now had admittance. This incorporates a scope of unpublished records ('dim writing') gotten to through the examination group's built up contacts with worldwide researchers and different experts working in these fields, and in addition through past research directed by colleagues. Beginning patterns as to the measure of writing distributed and points required in production were distinguished. Focal subjects concerning the real and expected impacts of NT were distinguished. Critically, it was found ahead of schedule into the procedure of investigation that there was an inclination in a significant part of the sociology writing to accentuate potential and saw dangers related with NT to the underestimation or prohibition of the potential advantages of such advancements. Where potential advantages were noted, they were frequently noted in passing, and less d etail was incorporated, implying that the preparatory subjects that were recognized had a tendency to be contemplations of the unfriendly ramifications of NT. This Section of the Final Report contains an examination of patterns and topics distinguished in the writing on social and monetary effects of NT. An exchange of how these discoveries identify with those in past writing surveys into the social and financial effects of NT is likewise included. Segment 2 likewise fuses a concise diagram of the recorded setting of verbal confrontations about NT. This is noteworthy in light of the fact that it has formed and educates ensuing critiques on the advances and their potential ramifications. These nano-bots or "constructing agents" (as they are likewise known) would be 'outfitted with the capacity to develop with the guide of numerous others, helpful questions by distinguishing crude materials at the nuclear, sub-atomic or, at any rate, the nanometer scale, then collecting these minor constituents into a perplexing structure' (Moskovits 2007). It was recommended that in future, for instance, nano-bots might have the capacity to play out a scope of capacities. Going through the circulation system, nano-bots might have the capacity to reestablish harmed or infected cells (see Hodge 2007). As per Moskovits (2007): 'Most researchers working in nano-science have abstained from dealing with making nanoassemblers, and don't subscribe to Drexler's meaning of nanotech as far as the nano-assembler'. Despite this the Drexlerian vision is said to have kept on assuming a critical part in forming publics' perspectives of NT (Moskovits 2007). The thought of atomic assembling, 'keeps on having emotional interest' for some authors such as Hodge (2007). Additionally, as Hodge (2007) have noticed: 'The instability related with the eventual fate of nanotechnology has seemingly set a significant part of the talk inside the domains of "sci-fi"'. Bainbridge (2007) has recommended, 'we can't comprehend nanotechnology without considering Drexler's vision of it'. We may likewise recommend that a comprehension of the enthusiastic level headed discussion amongst Drexler and Smalley is urgent for understanding ensuing editorials on NT. It is conceivable that this setting has really educated or formed ensuing verbal confrontations around there including past audits of the writing which have had a tendency to describe points of view on NT as either "idealistic" or "tragic" in their approach. Wood (2008) distinguished four general subjects in the surviving writing. These were: A positive or "idealistic" view about the results NT may produce for society A negative or "tragic" view about the results NT may create for society Concerns about boundaries to creating innovation and issues of open acknowledgment, and The requirement for direction of NT because of the vulnerabilities related with its effects on humankind and the earth. Appropriately, the examination displayed in this Report demonstrates that there is extensive space for a more nuanced investigation of the scope of points of view to be progressed in connection to NT without response to the idealistic/tragic polarity that some others in this field have had a tendency to use. In addition, the creators are worried about the potential effect of encircling the differing qualities and scope of points of view accessible in this mind boggling and dynamic field along these lines; it is conceivable that such descriptors may even work to adequately ruin the real worries of a few reporters in connection to the social and financial ramifications of NT. Another element that may possibly clarify the obvious difference amongst "idealistic" and "tragic" points of view of NT concerns the specific "era" of NT items and procedures that support the discourses. Renn (2006) have, for instance, proposed that there are 'four covering eras of new nanotechnology items and pro cedures' which they accept will advance over a twenty year time frame. Another method for moving toward the field is to join an examination of claim-production by specific people and gatherings, and the utilization and improvement of limits in research and discourse. A comparable approach has as of now been produced by Munshi (2007) who investigated distinctive 'islands of discourse' and the degree of cooperation and detachment between these islands of dialog in verbal confrontations about NT. Comparable concerns were sketched out in Section 1.3 above, where the viewpoint of Lewenstein (2005) was considered. Wickson (2008) has built up a comparable approach. She distinguishes nine "stories" in the NT writing, and contends that the assortment of alternate points of view on offer in NT writing mirror the alternate points of view on issues, for example, nature and innovation: These stories likewise remind us how distinctive positions on major inquiries, for example, the connection amongst mankind and nature, saturate innovation improvement and social civil argument. By exhibiting how these accounts are substantially more than straightforward real depictions how each of them lays on various suppositions, bolsters diverse convictions and leads in various bearings it is trusted that the reasonable system offered in this article can aid the progress of intelligent innovation improvement and straightforward arrangement face off regarding. Evaluation From some of the critical perspective and some commentators in field may get encourage by attempting the NT positive perspective, it is downplaying few risks that are associated with the perceived, where it is promoting few possibilities that are based on technological, social and economical. Examining the literature review barriers and incentives may get flourishing between others as the outcome. There is interest for exploring various problems such as mechanisms for public engagement, communication of risk and assessment of risk may get underpinned by traditions based on epistemological, cultural, political and historical and can dominate some regions. Significance of the civil engagement about cultural beliefs, for instance, explains partly about the material explosion on NT aspects of debate. (Barnett 2006) There is particular concern for this report by the author is that there is possibility that there are some devices that might inhibit the interaction that is fruitful among author Munishi (2007). This may operate in the ways that it has similarities that are obscure in the point of view and the shared concerns (whether it contain the aspects of NT about problematic or beneficial) among actors otherwise it have characteristic as opposed diametrically in the perspectives of the Nanotechnology. The analysis of Nanotechnology literature review seeks the help for considering the conflict and consensus among various commentators in field that is made more challenging for such devices existence. Conclusion In this report there are numerous areas of emerging or consensus, which contained: the implication of Nanotechnology on economic and social and are linked intimately for questioning about the perception of risks and communication of risk among publics. The perceptions of public for NT and engagement of public are crucial enough for the development and trajectory of the Nanotechnology. Many authors confirmed that there is open and rigorous debate about economic and social impact about Nanotechnology. There are emerging consensuses that Nanotechnology has potential that are disruptive and the outcome is unintended and many consequences are there. Significantly, it was found in the Report that most of the problems are raised and reflect the concerns by authors and have expressed the impacts that are based on the emerging and earlier technologies. (Binion 2008) It is very significant to find that the impacts on the economic and social on Nanotechnology is taking place in the constantly or dynamically context that are evolving. A significant number of the forecasts and situations concerning Nanotechnology announced here were distributed amid a time of extensive financial lightness and good faith. The topic of whether organizations will be set up to put resources into this field and public's will get emphatically arranged to advancements in the changed atmosphere stays to be seen. In the late studies uncover that public's have low levels of learning about Nanotechnology. Likewise, the route in which data is exhibited amid the early period of the developing open perceivability of NT is probably going to be essential to public's' reactions to advancements later on. References Alencar, M.A. Porter, A.L. and Antunes, A.M.S. (2007) Nanopatenting patterns in relation to product life cycle, Technological Forecasting Social Change, 74: 1661-1680 Balbus, J.M. et al. (2006) Getting It Right the First Time - Developing Nanotechnology while Protecting Workers, Public Health and the Environment, Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1076: 331-342 Bainbridge, W. (2007) Nanoconvergence: The Unity of Nanoscience, Biotechnology, Information Technology, and Cognitive Science. Prentice Hall: New Jersey Barnett, J., Carr, A. and Clift, A. (2006) Going public: risk, trust, and public understanding of nanotechnologies, in G. Hunt and M. Mehta (eds.) Nanotechnology: risk, ethics, and law. Earthscan: London, pp. 167179 Binion, R. (2008) Insurance Coverage, Nanotechnology, and Emerging Liability Issues, Coverage, 18(1): 19-25 Drexler, E. (2006) Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology. Anchor Books: New York. Hullman, A. (2006a) The economic development of nanotechnology An indicators based analysis. European Commission Unit: Nano ST Convergent Science and Technologies. Available from: https://cordis.europa.eu/nanotechnology Hodge, G.A. and Bowman, D.M. (2007) Engaging in Small Talk: Nanotechnology Policy and Dialogue Processes in the UK and Australia, The Australian Journal of Public Administration, 66(2): 223-237. Lewenstein, B. (2005) What Counts as a Social and Ethical Issue in Nanotechnology? International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry, 11(1): 5-18 Moskovits, M. (2007) Nanoassemblers: A Likely Threat? Nanotechnology Law Business, 4: 2, 189-197. Munshi, D. et al. (2007) A map of the nanoworld: Sizing up the science, politics, and business of the infinitesimal, Futures, 39: 432-452 Renn, O. and Roco, M.C. (2006) Nanotechnology and the need for risk governance, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 8: 153-191 Theodore, L. and Kunz, R. (2005) Nanotechnology: Environmental Implications and Solutions. John Wiley: New Jersey. Wood, S.J., Geldart, A. and Jones, R. (2008) Crystallizing the Nanotechnology Debate, Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 20: 13-27. Wickson, F. (2008) Narratives of nature and nanotechnology, Nature Nanotechnology, 3: 313-315